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Tiwi Albay Philippines

Geography

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Located at the northernmost boundary of the province of Albay and south of the province of Camarines Sur, the municipality of Tiwi is approximately 12 kilometers from the commercial center of Tabaco City; 39 kilometers from the City of Legazpi; and 538 kilometers from the center of Metro Manila. Tiwi has a total land area of 11,628 hectares and politically subdivided into 25 barangays, 11 of which are located at the coastal district facing Lagonoy Gulf and the Pacific Ocean while 14 barangays are on the western slope from the Poblacion to the extinct volcano, the Mt. Malinao. The town is bounded on the north by the municipality of Sangay, Camarines Sur; at the west by the municipality of Buhi, Camarines Sur; at the south by its mother municipality of Malinao, Albay; and the east coast facing the Pacific Ocean by the island province of Catanduanes

Generally, the area is mountainous and yet coastal with relatively small areas of flat lands, valleys and swamps. The terrain characteristics are as follows: 45%, mountainous; 25%, plain; 20%, hilly; and 5%, coastal. The greater portion of flat lands is found in barangays Nagas, Naga, Tigbi, and Libjo. The rugged terrain starts from Brgy. Sugod going northward to the direction of Tiwi-Sangay boundary, a stretch of 11 kilometers. The 11,628 hectares of land is identified with and utilized for various usages. For agriculture, 5,993 hectares--51%--are cultivated; and for industrial, commercial, residential, and infrastructural improvements, 5,656 hectares--49%--are now devoted. National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) owns around 517 hectares of land for geothermal industry. There are two major soil types in Tiwi--the clay soil called Louisiana and the Malinao sandy loam, which is of volcanic origin. The sandy loam--good for agriculture--can be found in the barangays of Nagas, Belen, Coro-Coro, San Bernardo, Bagumbayan, Oyama, Libtong, Gajo, Tigbi, Baybay, Cararayan, Cale, Naga, and Biyong. The clay soil is found in Bolo, Putsan, Sugod, Lourdes, Bariis, Joroan, Maynonong, Misibis, Dapdap, and Mayong. Bolo and Putsan clay is suited for pottery and other related industries.

Climate

The site falls under the Second climatic type, characterized to have no pronounced dry rainfall, i.e. with maximum rainfall from November to January, typical of Schistosomiasis endemic places in the country. The climate is influenced by two (2) air stream systems, which produces the variation of the areas climate. These are the monsoons and the Pacific Trade Winds.

DEMOGRAPHY

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Population

Tiwi has a total population of 44,261 as of May 1, 2000, with 8,036 households distributed in 25 barangays.

Municipality of Tiwi

Table 5 Projected Population Province of albay

Year
Projected population
1995
39,733
1996
40,689
1997
41,798
1998
42,906
1999
44,015
2000
44,261
2001
45,204
2002
46,167
2003
47,150
2004
48,154
2005
49,180
2006
50,227
2007
51,297
2008
52,390
2009
53,506
2010

54,646

Fertility & Mortality

The registered live birth pegged at 1,322 in 1998, 1,378 in 1999, and 1,462 in 2000. There are 190 death cases recorded in 1998, 175 in 1999, and 211 in 2000 caused by various illnesses, notably pneumonia, cardiovascular accidents, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, and febrile convulsions.

Labor Force & Livelihood

Based on the unpublished 1999 employment statistics of the Municipal Planning and Development Office, Tiwi, Albay, there are 7,566 or 17.64% of the total population engaged in gainful occupations. Those that are included in manufacturing are the weavers or makers of abaca raw products, and handicrafts from abaca, caragumoy, coconut, and etc; and the pot makers and ceramics practitioners. The skilled workers are the bakers, carpenters, electricians, tailors, dressmakers, mechanics, midwives (in private practice), beauticians, painters, masons, wigmakers, hilot, wood sawyer, abaca stripers, and blacksmiths. The unskilled workers are the fish vendors, lavanderas, coriadores, salesgirls, housemaids, conductors (transport utility), pot sellers, and vegetable vendors. The peace officers include the PNP police force, army personnel, and security guards. The undefined laborers are those with no definite job placement but who only provide day-to-day supply of manual labor in order to earn an income.